I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to
interfere with the institution of slavery in the
States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful
right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.
Resolved, That the maintenance inviolate of
the rights of the States, and especially the right
of each State to order and control its own domestic
institutions according to its own judgment
exclusively, is essential to that balance of power
on which the perfection and endurance of our
political fabric depend; and we denounce the lawless
invasion by armed force of the soil of any State or
Territory, no matter what pretext, as among the
gravest of crimes.
No person held to service or labor in one State,
under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall
in consequence of any law or regulation therein be
discharged from such service or labor, but shall be
delivered up on claim of the party to whom such
service or labor may be due.